A rare and important green jasper Canaanite scarab with simplified upper body so that there is no division between its thorax and elytra, or wing case. In like manner, the clypeus and head are treated as one unit with the complete suppression of the eyes. Its bottom surface depicts what appears to be a striding male and female figures with a hieroglyphic sign.
This scarab can be assigned to the "Green Jasper Group" a specific classification of uniquely Canaanite scarabs created during the Middle Bronze Age. These high-quality examples seek to replicate contemporary ancient Egyptian types, but were created without a first-hand knowledge of the ancient Egyptian language with the result that the hieroglyphs cannot be translated. They serve, therefore, as decorative elements, but may have also been possessed of talismanic properties.
References: For this particular group of Canaanite scarabs, see, O. Keel, OBO 88 (1989), pages 211-242; and for an attempt to “translate” the hieroglyphs on one of these scarabs, see, K. A. Kitchen, in IEJ 39 (1989), pages 278-280. - (LO.1114)
Period: 1640 BC to 1500 BC
Material: Green Jasper
Size: 1.6 cm (0.625")
Condition: Extremely Fine
Provenance: Private Collection