PETER AND PAUL FORTRESS PETROPAVLOVSKAYA KREPOST COLLECTORS POSTCARD FOLDER
Peter and Paul Fortress Petropavlovskaya Krepost
An interesting item for anyone interested in Postcards or Military History. This folder is complete with all Twelve Black and White Photographic Postcards and History Details, in Russian Language, all in Very Good condition.
Published in 1972
The fortress was established by Peter the Great on May 16 by the Julian Calendar, 1703 on small Hare Island by the north bank of the Neva River. Built at the height of the Northern War in order to protect the projected capital, the fort never fulfilled its martial purpose. The citadel was completed with six bastions in earth and timber within a year, and it was rebuilt in stone from 1706 to 1740.
From around 1720, the fort served as a base for the city garrison and also as a prison for high ranking or political prisoners. The Trubetskoy bastion, rebuilt in the 1870s, became the main prison block. The first person to escape from the fortress prison (now an important destination for tourists) was the anarchist Prince Peter Kropotkin in 1876. Other people incarcerated in the "Russian Bastille" include Tsarevich Alexis, Artemy Volynsky, Tadeusz Kociuszko, Alexander Radishchev, the Decembrists, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Mikhail Bakunin, and Nikolai Chernyshevsky.
During the February Revolution of 1917, it was attacked by mutinous soldiers of the Pavlovskii regiment on February 27 and the prisoners were freed. Under the Provisional Government hundreds of Tsarist officials were held in the Fortress.
The Tsar was threatened with being incarcerated at the Fortress on his return from Mogilev to Tsarskoe Selo on March 8, the threat was not followed through and he was placed under house arrest. On July 4 when the Bolsheviks attempted a putsch the Fortress garrison of 8,000 men declared for the Bolsheviks. They surrendered to government forces without a struggle on July 6.
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