Also known as the Perfume Tree, the tree is native to Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and the South Pacific Islands. The flower of this have an incredibly powerful fragrance, particularly in enclosed spaces. Prefers moist, humus-rich soil. Large glossy green leaves. The flowers are long, twisted, drooping greenish yellow petals appearing mostly in fall in thick clusters at the leaf axis and are followed by small greenish fruit.
It is an early bloomer and you will see flowers when the tree is still relatively small. It likes the heat and grows and blooms during the warm season. Cananga odorata is a fast grower and will quickly reach a mature size. The branches are known to be brittle and break easily so protection from strong winds is recommended. Cananga is a tropical tree, it likes warm weather but it can survive in low temperatures around freezing for short periods of time.
This somewhat well-known flower is actually rather famous because its fresh floral and slightly fruity scent is the base ingredient for Coco Chanel's fragrance Chanel No. 5 which was first introduced back in 1923 and has since sold millions of bottles.
The essential oils of the Ylang Ylang / Ilang Ilang are extracted by steaming the flowers and distilling the liquid.