Pythagoras cup, Pythagorean cup of justice or Fair cup, Greedy Cup, Tantalus cup.
Museum Copy, Ancient Greek Classical Period 485 BC engraved in hand, internally glazed, depicts Greek God Dionysus.
"Greek God of Wine & the Grape Harvest"
Dionysus, also spelled Dionysos, was the ancient Greek god of wine, winemaking, grape cultivation, fertility, ritual madness, theater, and religious ecstasy. His Roman name was Bacchus.
He may have been worshiped as early as 1500-11000 BCE by Mycenean Greeks. As wine was a major part of ancient Greek culture, Dionysus was an important and popular figure in mythology.
He was one of the twelve Olympians, although he was the last to arrive, and his unusual birth and upbringing marked him as an outsider.
He was the son of Zeus and the mortal Semele, making Dionysus semi-device or a hero.
A Pythagoras cup (also known as a Pythagorean cup, a Greedy Cup or a Tantalus cup) is a form of drinking cup which forces its user to imbibe only in moderation. Credited to Pythagoras of Samos, it allows the user to fill the cup with wine up to a certain level. If the user fills the cup only up to that level he may enjoy his drink in peace. If he exhibits gluttony, however, the cup spills its contents out the bottom (the intention being: onto the lap of the immodest drinker).
A Pythagorean cup looks like a normal drinking cup, except that the bowl has a central column in it, giving it a shape like a Bundt pan. The central column of the bowl is positioned directly over the stem of the cup and over the hole at the bottom of the stem. A small open pipe runs from this hole almost to the top of the central column, where there is an open chamber. The chamber is connected by a second pipe to the bottom of the central column, where a hole in the column exposes the pipe to (the contents of) the bowl of the cup.
When the cup is filled, liquid rises through the second pipe up to the chamber at the top of the central column, following Pascal's principle of communicating vessels. As long as the level of the liquid does not rise beyond the level of the chamber, the cup functions as normal. If the level rises further, however, the liquid spills through the chamber into the first pipe and out the bottom. Gravity then creates a siphon through the central column, causing the entire contents of the cup to be emptied through the hole at the bottom of the stem.
A unique handmade cup for you!
Also, it is an amazing gift for your friends, relatives or colleagues.
- CAUTION: No Microwave, No Dishwasher - It's best to clean with a dry cloth
Because they are handmade, each is unique, so there may be small differences between them.
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