Pythagoras cup, Pythagorean cup of justice or Fair cup, Greedy Cup, Tantalus cup.
Museum Copy, Ancient Greek Classical Period 485 BC engraved in hand, internally glazed, depicts Greek Roman God Apollo.
"God of the Sun, the Light, the Music, and Prophecy"
Apollo is one of the most complex and important gods and is the god of many things, including music, poetry, art, oracles, archery, plague, medicine, sun, light and knowledge. He is the son of Zeus and the Titan Leto and was born in the Greek island of Delos, along with his older twin sister Artemis – Goddess of the hunt.
Apollo is the ideal of the kouros, which means he has a beardless, athletic and youthful appearance. He is also an oracular God as a patron of Delphi and could predict prophecy through the Delphic Oracle Pythia.
Both medicine and healing are associated with Apollo and were thought to sometimes be mediated through his son, Asclepius. However, Apollo could also bring ill-health and deadly plague.
Apollo also became associated with dominion over colonists, and as the patron defender of herds and flocks. He was the leader of the Muses (also known as Apollon Musegetes) and was director of their choir – functioning as the patron god of music and poetry.
A Pythagoras cup (also known as a Pythagorean cup, a Greedy Cup or a Tantalus cup) is a form of drinking cup which forces its user to imbibe only in moderation. Credited to Pythagoras of Samos, it allows the user to fill the cup with wine up to a certain level. If the user fills the cup only up to that level he may enjoy his drink in peace. If he exhibits gluttony, however, the cup spills its contents out the bottom (the intention being: onto the lap of the immodest drinker).
A Pythagorean cup looks like a normal drinking cup, except that the bowl has a central column in it, giving it a shape like a Bundt pan. The central column of the bowl is positioned directly over the stem of the cup and over the hole at the bottom of the stem. A small open pipe runs from this hole almost to the top of the central column, where there is an open chamber. The chamber is connected by a second pipe to the bottom of the central column, where a hole in the column exposes the pipe to (the contents of) the bowl of the cup.
When the cup is filled, liquid rises through the second pipe up to the chamber at the top of the central column, following Pascal's principle of communicating vessels. As long as the level of the liquid does not rise beyond the level of the chamber, the cup functions as normal. If the level rises further, however, the liquid spills through the chamber into the first pipe and out the bottom. Gravity then creates a siphon through the central column, causing the entire contents of the cup to be emptied through the hole at the bottom of the stem.
A unique handmade cup for you!
Also, it is an amazing gift for your friends, relatives or colleagues.
- CAUTION: No Microwave, No Dishwasher - It's best to clean with a dry cloth
Because they are handmade, each is unique, so there may be small differences between them.
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